Perspective – What are you looking at…?

What are you looking at….?

Perspective in practice – Horizon


Previous Article: PERSPECTIVE – THE BASICS


After a short holidays break (HOLIDAYS IN GREECE) we are back to our sketches and drawings! Today we will explore together how perspective actually works on paper. In the previous article (PERSPECTIVE – THE BASICS) we made it clear that sketching what you know will not help you massively. You need to train your eyes and hands to work together and draw what you actually see.

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Keeping this in mind you must be prepared to draw shapes that do not actually correspond to reality; however they look real and accurate on paper! And if this sounds very vague to you, do not stress out. Perspective follows some very specific rules. Once you get yourself familiar with that; then you can build up to more complicated shapes and subjects pretty quickly.

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To understand perspective, the most important thing you will need is…just your eyes! Everything relates to where you stand relatively to an object. It is important if you are far, close, above or below. That will determine how big or small you perceive something and how “steep” all lines are (here is where perspective messes with us…).

empire-state-building-19109_640 - Αντίγραφο

Imagine that your eyes have laser and can cut a flat plane right in front of you. That will be your horizon. This plane moves up and down as your whole body (…the level of your eyes) moves up and down. To understand how this works imagine yourself standing at the top of the Empire State Building – now your horizon is very very high – you can actually see most of the New York City buildings from above. Now imagine yourself at street level (Times Square) – your horizon is very low – you need to rise your eyes to look at the buildings – you can only see them from below (no view of their roof top).

Tip: Check the Empire State Building and Time Square links. They are impressive!

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Being at the top of Empire State Building takes your eye level (your horizon) really high. This enables you to see everything from above.

 

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Being at street level your eyes are quite low compared to the huge high rises next to you. You cannot see any of the roof tops.

The line we all know as the “horizon”, actually follows the level of your eyes. This takes us a step closer to understanding perspective. The rest of the perspective principle is that all lines tend to vanish into the horizon.

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 Keep reading to see how:


Previous Article: PERSPECTIVE – THE BASICS

Next Article: Coming soon…


 

THE ARTIST…

28407451_1162363890564038_455176961_o“The article above as well as the whole series of the Sketching Advice articles is an effort to put together my knowledge and offer it to fellow artists in their first steps in as simple words as possible . I am not a professional artist or tutor, however I have spent some time sketching and through trial and error I realised that following some basic principles can simplify sketching a lot. Feel free to ask any questions and I ll be glad to help if I can .”

 

*All pictures used here are either my sketches or edited royalty free photographs.

CHROMA

Love Sketching & Painting

Παρουσίαση2

 

BETH – 2

19/03/2018

After being on holidays and missing my life drawing classes for two weeks I was happy to be back and get my charcoal and papers again! To my disappointment, in absence of a new model, our tutor had to invite the same girl we had a few weeks ago. However, she did a new pose for us and that was a good opportunity for me to practice despite working on a familiar body.

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Another benefit of having the same model is that we can now compare my progress after a couple of classes (see work from previous classes with Beth here: BETH). I believe it is really helpful to quickly sketch the outline of the body and pay some attention to maintaining correct proportions and making sure things align as they should do (finding relationships between parts of the body and ensuring the are drawn roughly in the right place).

Once we have this first draft-structure on our paper we can then go back and start taking more precise measurements and check if the angles of what we have drawn are correct. In my point of  view is much easier to spot a mistake when you actually have something drawn on your paper rather than trying to guess where things go.

 

  1. Draw it
  2. Review it
  3. Correct it

 

I acknowledge that my face sketching skills need loads of improvement so in Monday’s class I made sure I spent about 10 minutes sketching the models face. The results as expected are not amazing. However, that was a good start and the face I created…looks like a face! I ll be working on faces the following months! Here are pictures from the class:

 

 

 


28407451_1162363890564038_455176961_oThe Artist says:

“I recently decided to attend Life Drawing classes; all the work produced during these classes can be found in this collection.

The sketches here are not necessarily finalised pieces of work; this is not my intention anyway. This collection mainly aims to provide with a timeline showing how my work improves as I attend more and more classes. Hopefully, building up experience and skill will be reflected on the quality of my sketches.”

 

Art is more fun when you meet the artists themselves! Visit THE ARTIST…

 

CHROMA

Love Sketching & Painting

Παρουσίαση2

Perspective – The basics

Perspective – The Basics

What you don’t understand…


Previous Article: LET’S MAKE A PLAN…


 

 

Welcome back to CHROMA sketching advice blog! This week we will be discussing perspective; this is one of the most fundamental elements for a drawing that prizes itself to look realistic. The basic principles of perspective are really easy to understand and apparently really easy to implement. However, many people struggle to incorporate it to their drawings and thus the result is not satisfactory. This is going to be an introduction to perspective and to a related series of articles. The following weeks we will build up on how to easily incorporate this to your drawings and make them look 3 dimensional.

The confusion related to perspective only derives from a lack of understanding of how this works in the real world and how it translates on your paper when sketching. Things are really simple. Objects look smaller, flatter and paler as they move far away from your eyes. If you think about it, this happens with all objects around us. You see a mountain (which you now is huge) in the far distance and it looks like you can squeeze it between your fingers. It also looks slightly blue and you can hardly distinct any slopes or big rocks – it is just flat. Now think of yourself looking outside your window on the fourth floor, seeing people on the street below. Again, they look much smaller than they actually are when they stand next to you.

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 This is pretty much what happens with all objects, even with those you have been struggling to sketch right. A chair that is in a distance from you, looks smaller and flatter. Your friend who is standing 10 metres away from you looks smaller than they actually are. And that building you have been trying to sketch, guess what…you see it smaller than its real dimensions because you are standing in some distance from it.

 

This theory obviously is not something new to you. You have heard about this before and you have tried to put it on paper already…but still your shapes look wonky. This is entirely your fault because you draw what you know and not what you actually see!

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 What you need to understand from the previous paragraphs is that when we draw, we draw things as we see them; not as we know them. You always need to keep in mind that perspective distorts shapes, proportion and colour. What you know to be a perfect cube in reality …sketch wise will be a weird shape which is not a cube but it will look like a correct cube in perspective.

 Understanding that we draw what we see and not what we know is the first step to draw perspective right. The technique is dead easy and it will take you 5 minutes to understand.

 

Next week we will grab pen and paper and will see how this works on a real drawing with some basic shapes.

Happy Sketching!

 


Previous Article: LET’S MAKE A PLAN…

Next Article: WHAT ARE YOU LOOKING AT…?


 

28407451_1162363890564038_455176961_oTHE ARTIST…

Art is more fun when you meet the artists themselves.. Meet the man behind the  scenes. Visit THE ARTIST… 

 

 

 

CHROMA

Love Painting & Sketching

Παρουσίαση2

 

SARAH

26/02/2018

Tonight we had a new model; a middle aged woman, Sarah. She had a really thin and delicate figure and she mainly did poses on a chair. After 3 short poses of 5-10 min each we ended up with her sat on a stool. From my point of view there was a clear view of her face, breast and lap.

Also, today I managed to work a bit faster and finish the main shapes of her body on time allowing myself some time to experiment with tone! Here are the results:

 


28407451_1162363890564038_455176961_oThe Artist says:

“I recently decided to attend Life Drawing classes; all the work produced during these classes can be found in this collection.

The sketches here are not necessarily finalised pieces of work; this is not my intention anyway. This collection mainly aims to provide with a timeline showing how my work improves as I attend more and more classes. Hopefully, building up experience and skill will be reflected on the quality of my sketches.”

 

Art is more fun when you meet the artists themselves! Visit THE ARTIST…

BETH

19/02/2018

A new model is coming tonight!!! Expect my newer sketches later this week!!!

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28407451_1162363890564038_455176961_oThe Artist says:

“I recently decided to attend Life Drawing classes; all the work produced during these classes can be found in this collection.

The sketches here are not necessarily finalised pieces of work; this is not my intention anyway. This collection mainly aims to provide with a timeline showing how my work improves as I attend more and more classes. Hopefully, building up experience and skill will be reflected on the quality of my sketches.”

 

Art is more fun when you meet the artists themselves! Visit THE ARTIST…

JANE

05/02/2018

 

 

 


28407451_1162363890564038_455176961_oThe Artist says:

“I recently decided to attend Life Drawing classes; all the work produced during these classes can be found in this collection.

The sketches here are not necessarily finalised pieces of work; this is not my intention anyway. This collection mainly aims to provide with a timeline showing how my work improves as I attend more and more classes. Hopefully, building up experience and skill will be reflected on the quality of my sketches.”

 

Art is more fun when you meet the artists themselves! Visit THE ARTIST…

Let’s make a plan

Let’s make a plan…

Drawing better in a few weeks


It’s a fact that as a beginner artist your first sketches and drawings will not be as precise and “nice” as you would like them to be. In the previous article we tried to understand the reason why our sketches look “childish”. And the answer to that can be summarised in these three words:

  • Perspective
  • Proportion
  • Tone

These three aspects will be our main topic of discussion for the next few weeks. We will break them down and explore how you can easily incorporate these into your drawings! I am sure you will love them exactly as I did a few years ago when I saw my drawings improving instantly!

We will simplify it in a way that after some practice you will get excited about the improvement of your drawings and you won’t stop sketching boxes, bottles and chairs…trust me, I ve been there before.

This is the base for sketching anything you fancy really!

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Perspective will be our first topic. The next three weeks will be devoted to perspective, followed by a week for exercise. Each week we will be dealing with a different aspect of perspective.

  1. Perpective, basic principles
  2. Looking from above, looking from below
  3. Horizon, make your sketches stand out
  4. Exercise

The next article is already under way and  will be published early next week.

CHROMA

Love Painting & Sketching

Παρουσίαση2

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YOU SKETCH BETTER THAN A TODDLER?

You sketch better than a toddler?

Finding what makes your art better…


Previous Article: WHAT IS ART FOR YOU?


In my previous artcile, in really broad terms, we explored the extents of Art. Hopefully, we all agree that main ingredient of art is “Expression” and thus the list of “works of art” can be literally endless. Even primary sketches made by kids could be considered Art given that they include huge amounts of imagination and loads of expression and emotion. However, they lack skill and technique.

Although comparing your sketches to a kid’s sketch might seem unfair, there are some questions to be asked. Questions that will give you a steer as to what you should consider when sketching and how you could improve your own technique. Before giving you the answer though, lets have a quick look at a “childish sketch”. What is wrong with it?

Kids draw instictinvely – they want to show how they feel and are not particularly concerned about realism. Common characteristics are the flat blue sky, the spot-like yellow sun, the oversized flowers, the misproportionate human figures (usually representing family and friends), and the really bright and/or bold colours. You surely are familiar with these sketches and is probably quite easy for you to spot these mistakes….everyone knows that their little sister is not as tall as their family home!

Although you can spot easily these issues on a kids drawing, you will struggle to see it on your own sketch. Taking the items of the list above one by one and observing your work you will realise you make more or less the same mistakes. Look at your latest sketch and try to understand if you managed to show depth correctly (maybe things seem a bit flat?). Are your proportions right (that arm feels a bit long)? How about the colours you used (that red is looks too red, the dark corner is too dark and the highlights on the tree look like patches)?

Obviously, the scale of wrong is not the same; being around for a few years longer than a toddler has helped you develop a better sense of proportion and use of color. Nevertheless, you should expect your first sketches to still lack the right sense of perspective and correct proportion. If you work on these two elements your drawings will gradually start looking better.

Percpective, proportion and tone are the main elements we will be working on the following weeks. Remember that this blog is help from a fellow artist…just like asking a friend!

Short and Simple…


Previous Article: WHAT IS ART FOR YOU?

Next Article: LET’S MAKE A PLAN…


28407451_1162363890564038_455176961_oTHE ARTIST…

Art is more fun when you meet the artists themselves.. Meet the man behind the  scenes. Visit THE ARTIST… 

 

 

Feeling artistic already?

Online Gallery

 

CHROMA

Love Painting & Sketching

Παρουσίαση2

 

 

Does this sound useful? Let me know what you would like to read next!

Leave your comments below: